Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist state in Nigeria, that existed from 30 May 1967 to January 1970, comprising the former Eastern Region of the country. The inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria.
Other ethnic groups that constituted the republic were the Efik, Ibibio, Annang, Ejagham, Eket, Ibeno and the Ijaw among others.
Today marks the 50th Anniversary of the end of the Biafra War in Nigeria.
Stargist.com presents you with throwback photos that would give you a glimpse of what the war was like.
1. View of the destroyed prison of Calabar, the oldest port on the West African coast, on November 13, 1967 after the federal troops took the city from the Biafran rebellion, during the Biafran war.
2. Nigerian federal army soldiers (R), prisoners of the Biafran army, wait to be questioned, on August 08, 1968 near Ikot Ekpene during the Biafran war.
3. Starving children pose in a refugee camp near Aba, on August 06, 1968 during the Biafran war
4. Two Nigerian federal army officers lie after being executed by the Biafran army, on July 02, 1968 during the Biafran war
5. Biafran prisoners and civilians wait at the federal camp of Nakurdi, made in an outdoor movie theatre on November 01, 1967 in Enugu after fightings between Nigerian federal army troops and the Biafran rebellion, during the Biafran war.
6. Young militia women of the civil defence parade during a military training on August 17, 1967, in Enugu, the capital of the new Republic of Biafra, during the Biafran war.
7. European families prepare to be evacuated by boat, in Port Harcourt on July 24, 1967, during the Biafran war.
8. Wounded soldiers of the Nigerian Federal Army wait for a plane that will transport them to Port Harcourt to be treated in one of the hospitals of the city, on December 11, 1968 in Urua Inyang, during the Biafran war.
9. A Nigerian army soldier wounded on his neck is carried by his comrades on the pannier rack of a bicycle on December 07, 1968 in the bush at Ekim near Itu, during the Biafran war.
10. Biafran children sit in a plane chartered by the International Red Cross (ICRC) and humanitarian organisation “Terre des Hommes” that take them to Libreville, Gabon, on October 02, 1968 after their evacuation from Biafra, during the Biafran war.
11. Civilians unload a ferry that carries relief between Calabar and Oron on September 09, 1968 during the Biafran war.
12. Civilians flee Aba to go to Umuahia, the new capital of the Republic of Biafra, on August 28, 1968 as the Nigerian federal troops advance toward the city during the Biafran war.